In Europe

Liberal arts (as a degree program) is just beginning to establish itself in Europe. For example, University College Dublin offers the degree, one of the few universities in Europe which does. In the Netherlands, universities have opened constituent liberal arts colleges under the terminology university college since the late 1990s. It has been suggested that the liberal arts degree may become part of mainstream education provision in the United Kingdom, Ireland and other European countries. In 1999, the European College of Liberal Arts (now ECLA of Bard) was founded in Berlin [12] and in 2009 it introduced a 4-year Bachelor of Arts program in Value Studies taught in English, [13] leading to an interdisciplinary degree in the humanities. In 2010 the University of Winchester introduced its Modern Liberal Arts[14] undergraduate program, the first of its kind in the UK. In 2012, University College London will begin its interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences BASc degree (which has kinship with the liberal arts model) with 80 students[15] along with the London New College of the Humanities. The four-year Bachelor’s Degree in Liberal Arts and Sciences at University College Freiburg is the first of its kind in Germany. It started in October 2012 with 78 students.[16] The first Liberal Arts degree program in Sweden was established at Gothenburg University in 2011,[17] followed by a Liberal Arts Bachelor Programme at Uppsala University's Campus Gotland in the autumn of 2013. University College London (UCL) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and the oldest and largest constituent college of the federal University of London.[5] Founded in 1826, UCL was the first university institution to be founded in London and the first in England t be established on an entirely secular basis, to admit students regardless of their religion and to admit women on equal terms with men.[6] UCL became one of the two founding colleges of the University of London in 1836. UCL's main campus is located in the Bloomsbury area of central London, with a number of institutes and teaching hospitals located elsewhere in central London. UCL is organised into 10 constituent faculties, within which there are over 100 departments, institutes and research centres. UCL has around 26,220 students and 10,100 staff and had a total income of ?869 million in 2011/12, of which ?301 million was from research grants and contracts.[2] UCL has around 4,000 academic and research staff and 650 professors, the highest number of any British university.[7] UCL is ranked 21st in the world (and 3rd in Europe) in the 2012 Academic Ranking of World Universities,[8] 4th in the world (and 2nd in Europe) in the 2012 QS World University Rankings[9] and 17th in the world (and 5th in Europe) in the 2012-13 Times Higher Education World University Rankings.[10] For the period 1999 to 2009 it was the 13th most-cited university in the world (and the most-cited in Europe).[11] There are 26 Nobel Prize winners and three Fields Medalists amongst UCL’s alumni and current and former staff. UCL is part of three of the 11 biomedical research centres established by the NHS in England and is a founding member of UCL Partners, the largest academic health science centre in Europe.[12] UCL is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the European University Association, the G5,[13] the League of European Research Universities, the Russell Group, UNICA and Universities UK.[14] It forms part of the 'golden triangle' of British universities.